Multidimentional Iterative Filtering: a new approach for investigating plasma turbulence in numerical simulations.

Emanuele Papini
Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, via G. Sansone 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
Turbulent space and astrophysical plasmas have a complex dynamics, which involve nonlinear coupling across different temporal and spatial scales. There is growing evidence that impulsive events, such as magnetic reconnection instabilities, bring to a spatially localized enhancement of energy dissipation, thus speeding up the energy transfer at small scales. Indeed, capturing such a diverse dynamics is challenging. In this work, we employ the Multidimensional Iterative Filtering (MIF) method, a novel multiscale technique for the analysis of non-stationary non-linear multidimensional signals. Unlike other traditional methods (e.g., based on Fourier or wavelet decomposition), MIF natively performs the analysis without any previous assumption on the functional form of the signal to be identified. Using MIF, we carry out a multiscale analysis of Hall-MHD and Hybrid particle-in-cell numerical simulations of decaying plasma turbulence. Preliminary results assess the ability of MIF to detect localized coherent structures and to separate and characterize their contribution to the turbulent dynamics.